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原创 | 中国传统文化精髓下的领导力提升之道

2020-07-21 13:59:34
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全文导语:随着时代的发展,西方管理理论在中国出现“水土不服”的现象也越来越明显。中国当代的企业领导者,有必要从从中国传统文化中吸收“养分”,做到“洋为中用,古为今用”,探索出一条适合中国文化情境下的领导模式。

文 / 唐立波

文化情境差异在企业管理中的体现

威尼斯人官网zhongguowenhuaqingjingyichuantongguoxuewenhuaweijichu,yirujiawenhuaweizhuliu,zhongshi“zhongyonghexie”he“kongmengzhidao”,zhuiqiudeshi“heli”he“hexie,pianzhongyu“shehuiren”。xifangwenhuaqingjingshiyifalvzhiduweijichude,yigerenzhuyiwenhuaweihexin,zhongshi“gongpingxing”he“keguanxing”,zhuiqiudeshi“zizhuxing”he“fazhixing”,pianzhongyu“jingjiren”。zaiqiyeguanlizhongbijiaoqilaijuyouyixiajigefangmiandebutong:

 

siweifangshibutong;

qiyeguanlideshuxingpianzhongbutong;

duiguanlizheheyuangongdepanduanbiaozhunbutong;

qiyeguanlidezhongxindianbutong;

yuangongxiuweifangshibutongdeng。

 

中国文化情境下的领导力提升

zhongguowenhuaqingjingzhideshi,zaizhongguochuantongwenhuabeijingxiayuangongdesiweihexingweifangshi,shijuyouzhongguotesedesiweifangshihexingweifangshi。jiehezhongguoyouxiudeguanlisixianggoujianlingdaolitishengmoxingrutu1。

cimoxingshiyirengemeiliweihexin,yizhanlveyishi、lingdaoyishu、biangechuangxinjingshen、zhixingnengliweisiyidezhongguowenhuaqingjingxiadelingdaolitishengmoxing。

 

用儒家思想提升人格魅力

rujiawenhuashizhongguowenhuadezhuliu。rujiatichangyiminweibenhe“xiushen、qijia、zhiguo、pingtianxia”,rujiaguanlisixiangdehexinshichangdaoren、yi、li、zhi、xin。rujiachongshangliyi,tuichongdaode,zhuzhangyideguanli,yiminweiben。zairenyurendeguanxishang,zhuzhangheweigui,yixinquren,hexiexiangchu。rujiadeyiliguanshijianlisiyi,juebuweilishitu。rujiatichangguanlizheyinggaixiushenyangxing,tishengsuyang,jinzejianjitianxia,tuizedushanqishen。

qiyeguanlide“zhongyongzhidao”。“zhong”zhishidu、shizhong、zhengque, “yong”shipingchang、pingyikexing,hanyou“pubianshiyong”zhiyi。zhongyongzhidaojiushizhuiqiuhelizhidao,lingdaozheyinggaiyongzhongyongzhidaodesixianglaitigaoqiyeguanlizhidudehelixing。zhenzhengdezhongyongzhidaoshibayuanzexinghelinghuoxingxiangjiehe,ba“jiu”deguanlisixianghe“xin”dekexuejishuxiangjiehe。

 qiyeguanlide“ren、yi、li、zhi、xin”。anzhaorujia“ren、yi、li、zhi、xin”sixiang,lingdaozheduidaiyuangongyingdangcaiqubijiaokuanrongdetaidu。yuangongzhiyaonengwanchengsuofuzedegongzuo,jiubuyaozaibiedefangmianduitamenguofenkeke。duiyuyuangongdeguocuo,yingjinliangcongkuanchuli,zuodao“wuqiubeiyuyiren”,yao“shexiaoguo”。

yi“heweigui”goujianhexietuandui。rujiazhuzhang“lizhiyong,heweigui”。zaiqiyeguanlizhong,lingdaozheyinggaituixing“heweigui”dejingzhengbiaozhun,qiyeyuangongzhijiantongguobicilijiehegoutong,jianlilianghaoderenjiguanxi,tongxinxieli,wanchengzuzhimubiao。tongshiqiyeyuwaibuhuanjingzhijianyinggaixianghuxiediaohepingheng。

 

用道家思想提升领导艺术

威尼斯人官网laozide《daodejing》shiyibuweidadelingdaoxuezhuzuo,tazhanzaiziranzhidaodegaodu,tuiyanchu“rendao”,zuizhongyi“jundao”weijiangluodian。laozishidaidejundaohexiandaidelingdaoyishuxiangsi。“dao”jiushishiwuyunxingdeguilv,“de”jiushizhangwoleshiwudeguilv,“daode”jiushizhirenshishiwudeguilv,bingzunxunshiwudeguilv。

威尼斯人官网“daofaziran”defazhanzhilu。laozizai《daodejing》zhongzhichu:“renfadi,difatian,tianfadao,daofaziran”。lingdaozhezuidade“dao”jiushishunyingziran,zunxunguilvbanshi,jiukeyi“meishenbudai”,yiqieshunli,meiyouweixian。

 “wuweierzhi”delingdaojizhi。wuweishitichanglingdaozheshunyingziran,jiunengqudeyuanmandeguanlixiaoguo。lingdaozheyingyiqingjing、chizhongdetaiduchushi,kefuqinglv、fuzaodebibing。bukanzhunshiji,zebucaiquxingdong。yidankanzhunle,jiujiandingbuyidicaiquxingdong,buqingyibiangeng。

 “shangshanruoshui”de“rouxinghua”guanli。laozirenwei“shangshanruoshui”,shuixingziran。zuijiadelingdaolinianshi“shangshanruoshui,shuiliwanwuerbuzheng。”shuishi“rouxinghua”guanlizhongshiguanliqiyedelinghuoxing,zhidudefeigangxinghua,fangfadeqingganhua,renjiguanxidehexiehua。

 

用兵家文化提升战略意识

bingjiajiangjiumoulve,zhijizhibi,yindierdong,dadao“buzhanerqurenzhibing”dexiaoguo。bingjiasixiangduiqiyezhanlveguanliyouhenhaodezhidaozuoyong。

yong“wushi”、“qiji”peiyangzhanlvesiwei。suoweide“wushi”,shizhi“yiyuedao,eryuetian,sanyuedi,siyuejiang,wuyuefa”。duiqiyeeryan,jiushiqiyemianlindezhengzhihuanjing、tianshi、dili、guanlirenyuanheguizhangzhidu。suowei“qiji”,shizhi“zhushuyoudao?jiangshuyouneng?tiandishude?falingshuxing?shizushulian?shangfashuming?”。duiqiyeguanlieryan,shizhilingdaozheshifouzunxunguilv,guanlicengshifouyounengli,shifouzhandetianshidili,guizhangzhidunengfouyangezhixing,yuangongshifouyousuyang,shangfashifoufenming。lingdaozheyinggaiyong“wushi”jinxingfenxiyanjiu,yong“qiji”duibifenxi,zaicijichushangquedingqiyezhanlvemubiao,zuochuzhanlvejuece,zhidingzhanlvejihua。

“zhijizhibi”zhidingshiying“hulianwang+”dexinxizhanlveguan。“hulianwang+”beijingxia,xinxizhanlvejuedingleqiyezhanlvedechengbai。zhiyouzhijizhibi,cainengbaizhanbudai。zhijizhibi,tuchuyige“zhi”zi。《sunzibingfa》zhongrenweihuoquxinxiyousanzhongfangshi:qiyishi“xiangdi”,jizhijieguanchafa;qiershi“dongdi”,jiyindaoguanchafa;qisanshi“yongjian”,jiyinbiguanchafa。tongguoyinjian、neijian、fanjian、sijian、shengjianwuzhongyong“jian”fangshi,qusoujiduishoudeqingbaoxinxi,zhangwoduishoudeneibujimi。

威尼斯人官网“zerenerrenshi”deyongrenguan。sunzishuo:“gushanzhanzhe,qiuzhiyushi,buzeyuren,gunengzerenerrenshi。”“zeren”jiushiliangcaiyongren;“renshi”jiushizaoshiheliyongxingshi。suowei“zerenerrenshi”,jiushiyaoqiulingdaozheyaogenjuxingshixuanyongrencai,yiqudejingzhengyoushi。

威尼斯人官网zai“zeren”fangmian,lingdaozheyaozhongshirencaijingzheng。xuanzeheshideguanlirenyuanshishixianqiyezhanlvemubiaodeguanjian,heshideguanlirenyuanbiaozhunshishenme?sunzijichudebiaozhunshi:“jiangzhe,zhi、xin、ren、yong、yanye。”

zai“renshi”fangmian,lingdaozheyaojifaguanlirenyuanshiqi。sunzishuo:“renshizhe,qizhanrenye,ruzhuanmushi,anzejing,weizedong,fangzezhi,yuanzexing。gushanzhanrenzhishi,ruzhuanyuanshiyuqianrenzhishanzhe,shiye。”youxiudelingdaozhe,yaoxiangbanfajifatuanduidereqing,shizhiyunhanyizhongqiangdadechongjili,jiuxianggaoshanshangxiangxiagundongdeyuanshiyiyangbukezudang,rangguanlirenyuanchongmanweijigan,quanshenxintouruqiyedezhanlvemubiaoshijianzhong。

 

用法家文化提升变革创新精神

威尼斯人官网fajiadeguanlisixiangzhuzhongchuangxinhebiange。shangyangjiushifajiasixiangdedaibiaorenwu,qisuoshuode“zhishibuyidao,bianguobufagu”shifajiasixiangdehexin,daibiaoleyizhongbiangehechuangxinjingshen。

威尼斯人官网lingdaozheyaojuyou“bufagu”deguanlisixiang。weici,lingdaozheyaozuodao:qiyi,yougaigedejuexinhebishengdexinnian;qier,biangeshenmejiujianglishenme,congshangdaoxiajianlixinxin。tongshizuodao“fayanzhi”,yongzijideshijixingdongzhengming“yanbiyouxin,fabidexing”,congerdadaoqiyebiangedemubiao。

jiaqiangjiquan,goujiancongshangdaoxiadebiangetixi。hanfeizishuo:“shizaisifang,yaozaizhongyang;shengrenzhiyao,sifanglaixiao”。zaiqiyebiangezhong,gaigededaquanyaojizhongzailingdaozheshouli。lingdaozhezhidingdegexiangxindeguizhangzhidu,qiyecongshangdaoxiayaoyangezhixing,zuodao“fabuagui”,“xingguobubidachen,shangshanbuyipifu”。zhiyouzheiyang,cainengzaiqiyezhongdadebiangeqishiyuangongshuncong,shixiankechixufazhan。

 

用墨家思想提升执行能力

威尼斯人官网mojiasixiangtichangzhixingli。mozibenrenzhishishuipinghengao,youyouhenqiangdeshijianjineng。“moshouchenggui”jiushixingrongmojiazaizhixingshangbudazhekouwanchengrenwudetedian。

yong“jianxiangai”、“jiaoxiangli”goujianzuzhidezhixingtixi。“jianxiangai”jiushimeiyouqubiede“ai”。zaiqiyegongzuozhixingzhong,lingdaozheyaoyishitongren,peiyangyuangongdedandangjingshen,buyaozhiguzhezijigangweihebumendeliyi。dangqitagangweihebumenxuyaobangzhudeshihouyaojijibangzhu,erbushixiushoupangguan。“jiaoxiangli”jiushiyurenfenxiang。lingdaozheyaopeiyangyuangongzhijianxianghufenxiang、xianghuxuexidexiguan,tuidongyuangongyuyuangongjian、bumenyubumenjiandehuxiangbangzhu、huxianglijie,rangqiyeneibuchongmanzhengnengliang,jianshaoneihao。

yong“qinmian”、“jieyue”、“xingshan”dezhixinglinian,peiyangyuangongdezhurenwengyishi。“qinmian”jiushiqinlaobuxiedai,lingdaozheyaojiyuangongshuliqinmiandezhixinglinian,meitianjianchizuohaozijidebenzhigongzuo,qiyedemubiaojiunengshixian。haierde“rishiribi,riqingrigao”jiushizheizhongzhixinglinian。“jieyue”jiushidujuelangfei,dujueyiqiewuyongdesunhao。mozitichangde“shengzhimi,yongzhijie”,jiushikaiyuanhejieliu。lingdaozheyaoyishenzuoze,jianshaolangfei。“xingshan”jiushishulizhengquede“yili”guan。duiyujuyouzheizhong“yili”pinxingderen,lingdaozheyaojianjuetiba,dajiajiangli。jiuxiangmozisuojiangde:“buyibufu,buyibugui,buyibuqin,buyibujin”。

威尼斯人官网shuli“shangtong”、“shangxian”、”feigong”dejiazhiguan,peiyangyuangongzhengquedejingzhengyishi。“shangtong”jiushishangxiayizhi,gongtongwanchengqiyemubiao。“shangxian”jiushirenyongheshideren,“feigong”bushibuqujingzheng,ershixuanzezhengquedejingzhengfangshi,yishiyaoziwochaoyue,ershizaituanduijingzhengzhongdanhuageren。

dangqian,qiyezhengchuzaiyigejingjizhuanxing、jiegoudiaozheng、jingzhengjiliedeshidai。zuoweiqiyelingdaozhe,yaobaxifangdexianjinguanlijishutongzhongguogudaiyouxiudeguanlisixiangxiangjiehe,zhaodaoyitiaoshihezhongguowenhuaqingjingxiadelingdaomoshi,duiqiye“guweijinyong、yangweizhongyong”,cainengshideqiyejiyezhangqing,zoukexufazhandaolu,congerdadao“xiushen、qijia、zhiguo、pingtianxia”demude。

 

关于作者 | 唐立波:烟台南山学院商学院副院长,教授

文章来源 | 本文节选自《清华管理评论》2018年6月刊,原标题为《基于中国文化情境下的领导力提升》

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邮      箱 | luoqw@sem.tsinghua.edu.cn